How uranium production is done

Uranium is a naturally-occurring element in the Earth’s crust. It is the raw material that is used for nuclear fuel. Traces of it occur almost everywhere on the planet. However, uranium mining only takes place where it is naturally concentrated. In order to make nuclear fuel from uranium, it must first be extracted from the rock in which it is found, then enriched before it is made into pellets that are then loaded into assemblies of nuclear fuel rods.

Uranium is removed from the ground in three ways: open pit, underground, and in-situ leach (ISL). The way it is done depends on a variety of factors including the geological and geotechnical characteristics of the uranium deposit, its mineralogy and rock type, as well a number of other factors.

Once it is taken from the ground, uranium production continues with the milling process. This is done close to the mine and requires the rock to be crushed and then chemically treated in order to separate out the uranium. A slurry is produced and the uranium is suspended in water. It is treated with Sulphuric acid in order to dissolve the uranium oxides and leave the remaining rock and other minerals behind as mine tailings.

However, since many businesses have shifted to in situ leaching. This is because it can be accomplished without any major ground disturbance. Instead, groundwater, with a lot of oxygen, is injected into the mine and is circulated through the rock in order to extract the uranium. The solution with dissolved uranium is then pumped to the surface. Either way, a liquid with uranium dissolved in it is produced.

Uranium mining companies then separate it out through an ion exchange. It is precipitated from the solution, filtered, and dried. It produces a uranium oxide concentrate which is bright yellow in color. It is then sealed in drums and enriched because most of the nuclear power reactors require ‘enriched’ uranium fuel. However, the enrichment process needs to have the uranium in gaseous form. It creates two streams of the gas, one that is enriched and the other that is depleted and has little immediate use.

The enriched uranium is then transported to a fuel fabrication plant where it is converted to a uranium dioxide powder. It is then pressed in order to form small fuel pellets. The pellets are then heated in order to make a ceramic material which is then inserted into thin tubes and forms fuel rods. The fuel rods are then grouped together and form fuel assemblies and can be several meters long. The number of fuel rods used to make each fuel assembly depends on the type of reactor and can be anywhere from around one hundred to around one thousand.

The International Atomic Energy Agency or IAEA sets safety standards and provides guidelines and advice in order to foster sustainable uranium production cycle activities. It also works alongside the World Nuclear Association whose mission is “to promote a wider understanding of nuclear energy among key international influencers by producing authoritative information, developing common industry positions, and contributing to the energy debate.”

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Differences between residential and commercial roofing

Not just anyone is able to inspect and fix your commercial roofing. That is because there are significant differences between the roof on your office building and the roof on your home. Therefore, you need to do your research and ask any contractors that you may hire about their training and experience before signing a contract for the job because you do not have to find out after the fact that you should not have hired the same company that works on your home for your business.

Commercial roofing is generally flat or has a low slope. On the other hand, residential roofing has a significant slope. Not only that, but there are close to 10 different types to choose from. These include gable to gable and hip to hip, as well as an L-plan and a T plan.

The difference in design between residential and commercial roofing generally has to do with buildings being larger in size and requiring more maintenance than homes. Another reason for this difference is that commercial roofs have to contend with air conditioning units. They also have smoke stacks and piping on them, as well.  On the other hand, the roof on your house may only have a chimney, if that. Therefore, you will not need your residential roofer as often as a commercial roofer.

In addition to their design, residential and commercial roofing is also constructed out of different materials. Even though most homes have roofs made with asphalt or shingles, there are a variety of options for homeowners to choose from. It depends on the look the homeowner is trying to achieve. However, when it comes to commercial roofs, there are only three choices. They are single-ply membranes, metal panel roofing, and asphalt shingles. The one that is used

Commercial roofing usually needs more attention and has a shorter maintenance schedule than the roof on your home. Due to the fact that they are usually bigger than their residential counterparts, building roofs also tend to put more pressure on the building they are covering. Not only that, but commercial roofers use different tools, protection equipment, and other components when they are on the job in order to make sure it is done correctly and safely. Therefore, if you live in an area that is prone to heavy snow or you get a lot of rain, it is imperative that your commercial roofing is able to handle the extra weight.

Another major difference is that it is usually more expensive to install, maintain, and repair commercial roofing. Therefore, you need to research the right company for the job before they are needed. Be sure to ask around and vet them online so that you are sure that the job is done right the first time, every time. It takes no time to look on each company’s website, their social media presence and their standing with the Better Business Bureau. In addition, you should also get several estimates before deciding. Use your instinct and the prices in order to make your decision.


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What to look for in replacement doors

The doors to your home are designed to you and your family safe from unwanted people, pests, and weather. If you the doors to your home are failing to do their job, then it may be time to look at replacement doors. This is especially true if your front door is weathered, scratched, or dented, has cracks or breaks either along its edges or within its panels, or lets in drafts. In addition, a new door may be in order if you have encountered difficulty getting the door to hang level on its hinges or it is often a hassle to close and lock it.

When it comes to door installation, new entryway doors are generally made out of fiberglass, steel, or wood. Fiberglass is the most cost efficient and can be made to look like wood. However, while more weather resistant, they do not withstand wear and tear as well as steel. Steel, which accounts for the makeup of almost half the doors on the market, was more easily dented and must be painted if one occurs so that it does not rust. However, it is the most energy efficient type of door. Wood is the most expensive material to have a door made from and is the best at combating wear and tear. However, they require regular painting or varnishing in order to look their best.

Once you have selected a material to have your door made out of, you can then begin to personalize it. This can be done through the choice of styles and finishes that are available, as well as with glazing options, glass inserts, sidelights, and transoms. The more elaborate the design, the more the door will cost. You can also choose from a variety of different hardware, including door knobs, handles, and lock sets to make the door your own. Also, be sure that the door opens on the side that is best for you and leave installation to the professionals so that you know it is done correctly and will last.

Regardless of what you choose in materials, hardware, or finishes, be sure that your door comes with an adjustable threshold as this helps to keep the door weather-tight over time. Without this, you may eventually need to add a new sweep to the bottom in order to seal out rain and drafts. In addition, make sure that the rails and stiles, the horizontal and vertical parts that brace a wood door are made from laminated wood covered with veneer, as these materials provide the greatest resistance to warping.

Bear in mind that while it may seem pricey up front, a properly maintained door can last for decades. In addition, front door replacement ranks as the single most cost-effective home upgrade. If has been found to return more than 95% of the investment. Moreover, a new front door also improves the home’s appearance, energy efficiency, security, and ease of operation. If you are still feeling a draft after installation is complete, it may be time to look at replacement windows, as well.


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Where to set up your concession stand

As you are already aware, you cannot just set your concession stand up anywhere. If you are not looking to join the fair scene and are looking for something a bit more permanent, you might want to consider big-box stores such as Wal-Mart, Home Depot, or Lowes. You can also try your local supermarket chain. Large shopping malls are good as well. These locations are good because people are already there to do their shopping. Therefore, you do not need to do a lot of extra advertising to get the people to your stand. However, do not expect to just drop anchor in the first place you choose.

First and foremost, decide what you will be selling and whom you want to sell to. Then, look into what the local laws are that pertain to the business you are looking to start. Once you have done both of those, sit down and create a business plan. It should include your statement of purpose. Be sure to include both long and short term goals that are measurable, specific, and reasonable.

You also need to have some sort of marketing strategy. Be sure it includes social media. In addition, if you have been eyeing a specific spot to set up your business, you will need to explain how your stand will be helping their customers by offering them good food and good customer service in order to make their shopping experience more enjoyable.

Write down what concession supplies you plan on purchasing. It is best to start small and not make your menu too expansive in the beginning. You can always add on later. When contacting the property owner where you would like to set up, you can list what you will be selling, for how much, when, and with whom you will be working.

In addition, you should also let him or her know why you chose the location that you did and how you plan on keeping the area clean. Once you have typed it all up, call to set up an appointment to speak to the person in charge. After you have had your meeting, be patient and wait a few days before following up. It may take a few weeks for a decision to be made.

If you do not get the first spot you were after, do not give up. There are plenty more where that came from. Pick yourself up, dust yourself off and keep going. You may even decide to just set up roadside. However, you need to make sure it is legal to do so. In addition, make sure the spot you choose is easily accessible and gets enough traffic to be worth it. Sit there one day and count cars if you have to. Then find out who the property owner is, contact them and begin the process anew.

Before you know it, you will be cranking up the popcorn machine and be knee deep in profits wondering what all the fuss was about in the beginning.


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Risk assessment and behavior changes

Regardless of age or stage in life, there are many factors that attribute to health and wellbeing. While one cannot overcome genetic predisposition, one can have risk and health assessments completed in order to begin the steps toward necessary behavior changes. In addition, while the long-term effects of this approach are unknown, health risk assessments are a method that has been successfully used in working-age populations and is a promising method for cost-effective health promotion and preventive care in older individuals, as well.

Potentially avoidable risk factors continue to cause unnecessary disability and premature death. Having a health risk assessment is a promising way to initiate cost-effective health promotion and preventive care. However, the long-term effects of this approach are just beginning to come to light.

While programs that encourage a healthy lifestyle and the uptake of preventative care among older people are a health policy priority worldwide, including risk assessments resulted in better health behaviors, increased use of preventative care, and improved survival. This was true for both those of working age and those in retirement.

When it comes to those in the workplace, studies show that programs that have a health risk assessment component, along with tailored feedback simultaneously increase both awareness of risk and improve the number of participants that begin a regime that includes health and behavior changes.

In fact, more than half of the employees who voluntarily participated in a risk and health assessment program that included tailored feedback reported to have started a behavior change. Furthermore, this change was more frequent among those at high cardiovascular risk and elevated body mass index levels. In general, those employees that voluntarily participated reported to be satisfied with the assessment, and also positively associated it with the initiation of the behavior change. These study’s findings go on to show that, among voluntary participating employees, a program that includes tailored feedback tends to motivate those in greatest need of change and can be a valuable part of workplace health promotion programs.

In older adults, risk assessment programs were exclusively effective for intermediate outcomes and that only occurred if older individuals received the assessment combined with some form of personal reinforcement. However, this model improves longevity and as it helps an aging population avoid risk factors from both unhealthy lifestyles and failure to engage in preventative care. For example, older people tend to be less physically active, smoke, drink too much alcohol, and fail to have regular blood pressure checks or annual influenza vaccinations completed.

These assessments and other methods to improve positive behavior changes are imperative at this time as the American population known as the baby boomer generation are retiring or soon to reach retirement age. In addition, the government continues to change healthcare, its costs, and affordability. Furthermore, employers are always looking for ways to reduce risk and keep people from not being able to work due to illness or injury. Health and risk assessments may be just what the doctor and boss ordered.



Posted in A56

Four main types of radon mitigation systems

Radon gas is the second leading cause of lung cancer. It is created through the breakdown of naturally occurring uranium. It is found throughout the country and causes the death of over 20,000 people a year.

If you have not had your home tested, you should do so. You can either purchase a do-it-yourself kit at a home improvement store or hire a certified home inspector to do a more thorough examination. If you choose to do the test yourself and the levels come back elevated, you should then hire a professional. You should also hire a professional if you are either selling or purchasing the home that needs testing.

If professional testing comes back positive, you should then look into radon abatement. There are several methods that are available. While there are some procedures that you can do on your own, you should also look into one of several radon mitigation systems as going alone is not always effective. There are four main types and installation usually depends on the type of foundation your home has.

A system that uses active suction is for homes that have a concrete slab basement or a basement on a gradient. This is due to the fact that radon gas tends to build up under the concrete of the basement foundation and eventually the built up gas escapes and enters the home through small cracks that form from normal wear and tear.

This system uses an electrical vent fan, an electrical monitoring system, and a vent pipe placed between the sub-slab gravel and stretches up to a point above the roof on the outside of the home. Then, when the fan runs, it has just enough power to be able to keep radon from gathering under the home.

If your home is currently under construction, then a passive system can be installed. This involves having the home built with differing pressures throughout the house in order to avoid the need for active ventilation since the natural pressure differential is enough to encourage the flow of air in a specific direction. A duct system is installed in order to take advantage of that air flow and to guide the radon out and away from the home. These systems are only good in homes that have low levels of radon and cannot be installed in older homes due to the specifics needs on a room-by-room basis.

Pressure systems are the least expensive because there is nothing to install. For this to work, you must keep the windows and doors closed on the lower level of your home as much as possible. By doing so, you create pressure that will prevent the radon gas from coming up through the foundation of the home.

The final type of radon remediation is helpful in homes that have a crawlspace, especially if the floor is dirt or loose gravel. The floor of the crawlspace is covered with a heavy plastic sheet. A channel is created, and a fan and pipe that leads outdoors are installed. The radon gas is flushed out of the home under the plastic sheet.



Posted in A56

What to expect at physical therapy

Physical therapy is a healthcare specialty that deals with the evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment of disorders of the musculoskeletal system, neurological, and cardiac system and how those afflictions affect interaction and physical movement. The goal is to restore maximum functional independence to every patient. This is generally done through exercise, heat and/or cold applications, electricity, and massage.

Your first visit will include an initial evaluation and a treatment. Your physical therapist will begin by asking you questions about your general health as well as about the specific condition for which you are there. This information will help him or her determine whether you are likely to benefit from physical therapy and which treatments are most likely to help you.

The physical therapist will also perform a detailed examination and may evaluate your strength, flexibility, balance, coordination, posture, and blood pressure, as well as heart and respiration rates. He or she may also use his or her hands to examine or the affected area and/or to perform a detailed examination of the mobility of your joints, muscles, and other tissues.

Another thing that will occur during your first appointment is that you will be asked to set goals for your therapy because setting goals is the best way to achieve a successful rehabilitation outcome. Therefore, when you start physical therapy, you must think about what is it that you want to accomplish by the end of your program. While these goals should be important to you, they must also be realistic and attainable. Once your goals are set, your physical therapist will then work with you to devise an appropriate treatment program to help achieve them.

Bear in mind that your goals are changeable, especially if you are having difficulty attaining them. At that point, you may need to work with your therapist to adjust your goals. Your physical therapy goals should focus on improving your mobility and overall function so you can do the things you want and need to do.

Before your appointment is complete, you will be instructed on therapeutic exercises you can do at home, learn how to manage and care for your symptoms, receive manual therapy if necessary, and may be treated with some type of therapeutic modalities.

Treatment sessions generally last between 30 and 60 minutes per visit. The number of visits you will need depends on your diagnosis, the severity of your impairments, and your past medical history. You should be re-evaluated monthly and when you see your doctor. You doctor should receive progress reports from the physical therapist.

There are many different specialties within the realm of physical therapy. You may receive the most common physical therapy specialist, orthopedic physical therapy which is recommended for post-surgical patients, those suffering from arthritis, muscle sprains and strains, neck and back pain, hip and knee problems, shoulder, elbow, and wrist conditions, or tendinitis/tendinosis, as well as those who need fracture rehabilitation. However, you may also be sent to neurological therapy for issues that have greater mobility issues.


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Why Office Evolution Holladay is the answer for your business

Office Evolution Holladay located in a Class A commercial building and offers cutting edge office space at the intersection where I-215 and Highway 190 meet. It is close to shopping, dining, and more. It also offers easy access to area attractions including ski resorts, as well as the airport, Park City, and the surrounding areas.

This executive and virtual office company offers 19 executive office spaces along with 3 Business lounges. In addition to the office and lounge space, they also offer unlimited long distance calling throughout the Continental United States, as well as 100 free minutes of their “Live Answering Service” wherein their receptionist answers your dedicated phone line. He or she can direct calls to your voice mail, answer general questions, and help schedule appointments.


Furthermore, you can also use the address for both Google Maps and your business cards, set up meetings in the conference room, take calls in the lounge, and schedule package deliveries when you are not in, as well as use the fast, reliable internet. You can also get administrative assistance for an additional charge.


Each office and lounge is set up to focus on functionality, simplicity, and efficiency and is designed to support you and your business’s goals, as well as the collaboration that goes along with working with other business professionals. Furthermore, their executive office suites are designed to boost productivity and make you feel at home.


The company believes that those that rent office space from them are partners with them. Therefore, they try to get to know you, celebrate you, and support your business success. Their management staff is dedicated to bringing you first-rate service that is second to none. Office Evolution wants to bring strength to the area by helping local businesses thrive.


If you only need office space for the day, you can pay by the hour. If you are looking for a bit more long-term, but do not want to commit to a lease that is a year or longer, you can choose to rent a virtual or executive office for a monthly fee that is far less than the rent you would pay elsewhere for traditional office space. Office Evolution is dedicated to providing the most flexible and effortless work environment.


Since they started in 2003, they have assisted numerous people and their businesses to flourish by being an economical piece of their business plan. Their determination to offer real solutions has resulted in a growing number of similar centers situated throughout the country. They have also turned the idea of executive and virtual offices in a completely new direction.


If you are in Utah and looking for the best place to grow your new business, then look no further than Office Evolution Holladay where it is their job to see you succeed, even after you have grown too big for their facilities. Call, click, or come on by, we will have you on your way to prosperity in no time.

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How to care for your engagement ring

Besides the person that gave it to you, your engagement ring is your most prized possession.  Not only is it expensive, it is also a symbol of his undying love for you.  You also like the way it shines in the light and the envious way the single girls in your office look at you.  In order to keep rocking that beautiful bling, there are a number of steps that you need to take.

  • Get insurance. First and foremost, you need to insure your custom engagement ring.  You can add a jewelry rider to your homeowner’s or renter’s insurance, or take out a separate policy with a specialty insurer.  However and where ever you do, be sure to read the fine print so that you know what you are covered for.  You should be covered for loss, theft, and damage.  It is not difficult to obtain, you need to give the insurance company a description that includes the cut of your stone, its carat weight, and the metal that the setting is made with.  You should also include an appraisal done by a certified independent jeweler. Another good idea is to give your insurance agent a close-up photo of your ring.  You can also have a laser inscription placed on the ring as an extra precaution.
  • Keep it clean. Everyday wear can lead to the ring looking cloudy due to a build-up of lotions, skin oil, and everyday dirt.  There are two ways to clean it.  The first is by scrubbing with a soft toothbrush after soaking the ring in warm water and mild dishwashing liquid.  You can also soak your diamond ring in equal parts ammonia and cold water for half an hour and let it air dry.  There are jewelry cleaners available in stores and many jewelers will clean your ring for free.
  • Keep it safe. Store it properly when you are not wearing it.  This includes when you are at the gym, pool, beach, and while cleaning or cooking.  You should also keep it in the box when you are gardening, showering, sleeping, and while getting ready to go out.  You do not want to lose it or have it exposed to harsh chemicals.  You also do not want to have anything get into the tiny crevices.  In addition, you should never take your ring off in public.  You risk leaving it behind.  You can wash your hands with it on while you are out and about.
  • Take it to the jeweler. Even if you do not think there is anything wrong with your GIA certified diamond, you should have it looked at at least twice a year.  This will ensure that the prongs are tight, the diamond isn’t loose and there are no hairline cracks in the shank.


While a diamond is the hardest substance, your ring is not indestructible.  You need to treat it with care so that it sparkles like it is brand new every day.

Posted in A56

Window treatments can change the look of your home.

Now that we are getting into the winter months, it is a good time for people to do some of the interior work they have been thinking about through the summer.  The summer is generally a time for people to do their work outside and now they can focus on the interior of their homes. A good place for many people to start is by looking at the window treatments in their homes.

hunter douglas shuttersThere are many ways that you can look and see that the window treatments in a particular room may or may not be working.  Yes, style comes down to the eye of the beholder, but there are very precise ways in which a room can “work” or “not work.”  With that in mind, the next time you think about starting to change up the rooms in your house, it may be wise to consult a professional before applying window treatments.   One of the best ways to do this is to visit the show room of the window blind store to see what they have available and how they choose to set up the different rooms.  It may not be something that you have thought of previously or it can give you an idea for the perfect way you want to it in your own home.  A good example of this is the window treatments and the different rooms that you can find at Drapery Works in Brisbane, California.  They have a number of different window coverings and they example the best way to apply them to different rooms in the house. A good example of this is available on their website.

For the bedroom they ask that, “you want a window treatment that provides a high degree of privacy and light control.  If you like to sleep in very dark rooms, look for window treatments with a room-darkening fabric as well as an overall design that eliminates light gaps, seams and rout holes.”  A good solution for this would be a set of drapes that can be pulled back during the day and put in place when you are about to go to sleep. This is a fantastic idea and something that will clearly help when it comes to finding the right way to apply the different coverings.  The good thing is that you can go to the showroom and really see for yourself what each of the rooms look like to find a style that fits your own.  You can then order the blinds on the spot and have them professionally installed in your home.  There is not greater pleasure than living somewhere that you are comfortable, so being able to do something like this is a perfect way to ensure that more and more people will be able to go to you for advice.  That is something we can all aspire to and something that will make you very happy.  The next time you do this give it a try and see what you can accomplish.

Refrigerator repair must be done fast.

There are few things in this life that can be more frustrating than your appliances breaking for no reason.  Whether it is waking up to no hot water and needing to replace your water heater or having your refrigerator go out on you, there is no good time for these things to happen. Nevertheless, it is important to know that there are ways to ensure that you can rebound from these kinds of situations without having to spend an arm and a leg to get back to where you were before (or in an even better situation).

heating companyThat is why people have been relying on companies like DNI Heating and AC.  DNI Heating and AC “is a family owned and operated company started in 1997! We provide Honest and Dependable service, replacement and repair of industrial, commercial and residential heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration equipment. D.N.I. is Northern Colorado and Boulder Counties number one choice for same day service, meeting every expectation of our customer’s needs. We provide service on all brands of equipment.” They service most of northern Colorado, but not all the way up to Fort Collins.  On their website, they say that they will be able to service the following areas: Eldorado Springs, Erie, Louisville, Lafayette, Broomfield, Gold Hill, Boulder, Jamestown, Firestone, Frederick, Dacono, Mead, Berthoud, Lyons, Loveland, Longmont. Allens Park, Superior, Hygiene, and Niwot, Colorado.

This means that no matter where you live, you should be able to receive some of the best service available and that if you need refrigerator repair, you will be able to get back in a matter of hours.  If you do think about replacing some of your appliances, they will also be able to help by focusing on units that are some of the most efficient in the business.  This kind of efficiency means that you will be spending less on your energy bills, while keeping your home at a comfortable temperature for the remaining amount of time.  It is a great way to know that you will be able to support your family, while making smart decisions that benefit the environment.

A smart thing to do in this situation would be to research some of the units available to learn about their different benefits and detractions.  This could help you out because you would become a more savvy consumer of all of the energy efficient appliances and that is a great way to ensure that you will be saving money in the long term.  So the next time you need furnace, heating, or air conditioning repair, give the guys over at DNI Heating and AC a call to come on out and check out your systems.  They are local guys and are not in the business of trying to sell you something that you don’t need.  So make the call and ensure that your family will be happy, healthy, and comfortable in your home.  It is a great way to know that you will be saving money too!




Posted in A56